- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
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Police-Led Community Initiative to Reduce Gun Violence (St. Louis, Missouri)
Program Summary: This police-led program was designed to reduce gun crime and serious violence in the Wells Goodfellow neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri. The program is rated No Effects. The intervention did not have a statistically significant effect on gun violence or total violence trends in the target neighborhood compared with the average trends of seven matched comparison neighborhoods across the city.
Police-Initiated Diversion for Youth to Prevent Future Delinquent Behavior
Practice Summary: This practice includes pre-court interventions or strategies that police can apply as an alternative to court processing or the imposition of formal charges against low-risk youth. This approach is designed to reduce reoffending by minimizing youth contact with the criminal justice system and divert youth toward services that address their psychosocial development and other needs that contribute to their at-risk behavior. The practice is rated Effective for reducing future delinquent behavior.
Delaware KEY Substance Abuse Program
Program Summary: This program is a prison-based therapeutic community for drug-involved offenders. The program is rated Promising. After 3 years, results showed statistically significant increases in remaining drug-free; however, there were no statistically significant effects in being arrest-free.
Delaware CREST Outreach Centers
Program Summary: This is a residential work-release program that uses therapy, counseling and treatment for offenders with a history of substance use who are reentering society. The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant increases in participants being injection-free at 6 months and being drug-free after 3 years; however, there were no statistically significant effects in condom use (at 6 months) or being arrest-free (after 3 years).
Using Absenteeism Information to “Nudge” Attendance (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Program Summary: This program uses a “nudge” postcard to reduce student absenteeism by increasing parents’ or guardians’ awareness of non-attendance. The postcard is designed to motivate them to encourage their children to improve attendance and academic performance. The program is rated Promising. There was a statistically significant decrease in posttreatment absenteeism for the intervention group, compared with the control group.
Criando con Amor: Promoviendo Armonía y Superación (CAPAS)
Program Summary: This program includes two versions of a culturally adapted parenting intervention for immigrant Latino populations. The program is rated Effective. Both versions of the intervention were found to have a statistically significant impact on improving parenting practices, compared with the control group. Only the enhanced intervention had a positive, statistically significant effect on child internalizing behaviors. Neither had a statistically significant effect on externalizing behavior.
Great Life Mentoring
Program Summary: This is a one-on-one mentoring program in which youth referred from a community mental health agency receive support from adult volunteers with whom they spend 2 to 3 hours weekly on positive community activities. The program is rated Effective. The intervention was shown to be associated with a statistically significant increase in global functioning and a lower likelihood of an unplanned and client-initiated ending of treatment.
Second Chance Act (SCA) Adult Reentry Demonstration Programs
Program Summary: This is a program designed to reduce recidivism and improve employment rates through reentry services for individuals who have a moderate-to-high risk for reoffending. The program is rated No Effects. At the 30-month follow up, there were no statistically significant differences in rearrest, reconviction, reincarceration, or employment rates between program participants and control group members.
Procedural Justice Training Program (Seattle Police Department)
Program Summary: This is a procedural justice training program designed to “slow down” police officers’ thought processes during encounters with citizens. The program is rated No Effects. There were no statistically significant differences between the treatment group and the control group on the fraction of incidents that resulted in an arrest, the number of times an officer was involved in an incident in which physical force was used, or the number of citizen complaints filed against the officer.
Police Body-Worn Cameras (Washington, D.C.)
Program Summary: Police body-worn cameras (BWCs) are designed to improve policing and the perceived legitimacy of the police and legal institutions. The program is rated No Effects. There were no statistically significant differences in police use of force, number of citizen complaints, or number of arrests for disorderly conduct for police officers who wore BWCs, compared with officers who did not wear BWCs.