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Juvenile Restorative Justice Program (Midwest County)
Program Summary: This program provides an alternative to juvenile court processing for youths with justice system contact who may or may not have a criminal record. The program is rated Promising. Although there was no statistically significant difference between the treatment and comparison groups on rates of official police contact, the average number of days to re-arrest was statistically significantly lower for the treatment group (441.7 days) than for the comparison group (254.1 days).
A Safety Awareness Program (ASAP) for Women with Disabilities
Program Summary: This program is designed to increase safety awareness, knowledge, skills, self-efficacy, and behaviors as well as increase social support among women with disabilities. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to produce a statistically significant increase among participants’ scores on measures of safety planning, safety knowledge, and safety-promoting behaviors, compared with non-participants. The groups did not differ on measures of safety awareness following the intervention.
Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) and Non-Hospital Residential (NHR) Program
Program Summary: These were community-based, substance abuse treatment programs for recently paroled, substance-dependent individuals. The primary aim of the programs was to treat participants’ substance abuse in the community while reducing their likelihood of reoffending. The program is rated Promising. Program participants were less likely to be convicted of a new crime, when compared with the community comparison group; this was a statistically significant difference.
Second Step for Elementary School (2011 Edition)
Program Summary: This is a school-based, social–emotional learning program for elementary school students. Teachers incorporate 25-40-minute lessons within the usual classroom curriculum. The program is rated No Effects. The treatment group displayed a statistically significant reduction in hyperactivity; however, there were no statistically significant differences between the treatment and control groups on measures of conduct problems, peer problems, social–emotional competence, or disruptive behaviors.
Second Step: Student Success Through Prevention Middle School Program (2008 Edition)
Program Summary: This is a universal, school-based social-emotional learning program aimed at reducing violence and encouraging academic success among middle school students. The program is rated No Effects. While the program had a statistically significant impact on reducing physical aggression, there was no statistically significant impact on sexual-violence victimization and perpetration, peer victimization, bullying victimization and perpetration, cyberbullying, or homophobic name calling.
Cognitive Skills Training (Georgia)
Program Summary: Implemented by the Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles, this is a cognitive–behavioral program for male parolees that aims to build psychosocial skills in areas such as self-control, interpersonal problem-solving, and critical reasoning. The program is rated No Effects. The authors found no statistically significant effect of program participation on recidivism and employment measures.
Mentally Ill Offender Community Transition Program (Washington)
Program Summary: The program is targeted at individuals whose mental illnesses are seen as instrumental in their offenses, and who are likely to qualify for and benefit from publicly supported treatment in the community. The overall goal is to reduce recidivism . The program is rated Effective. Participants in the program were less likely to be convicted of any new offense and convicted of felony offenses, compared with the matched comparison group. The difference was statistically significant.
Discretionary Parole in New Jersey
Program Summary: This allows individuals to be released early from a prison in New Jersey and complete the remainder of their sentences under supervision, with the goal of reducing recidivism. The program is rated Promising. The treatment group released early from prison had statistically significantly lower rates of reconviction, number of days until reconviction, re-arrests, and days to re-arrest, compared with those who had completed their entire sentences and were unconditionally released to the community.
Intensive Supervision for High-Risk Probationers in California
Program Summary: This is an enhanced probation intervention targeted at high-risk individuals in three counties in California. The program is rated No Effects. There were no statistically significant effects of the intervention on rearrest. At one site, the treatment group had statistically significantly more technical violations, than the comparison group; however, there were no statistically significant effects on technical violation rates at the other two sites.
Philadelphia (Penn.) Intensive Aftercare Probation Program
Program Summary: This program was an intensive alternative reintegration program for high-risk male juveniles who were being released to probation from a juvenile corrections facility. The program is rated Promising. Results showed that while there were no differences between the treatment and comparison groups on the percent who had been re-arrested during the 9-month follow up, the treatment group had a statistically significantly lower number of re-arrests than the comparison group.
The resource guide provides all of the materials necessary to promote public awareness campaigns for NCVRW and throughout the year. Featuring campaign materials in both English and Spanish, it includes planning tips, artwork, crime and victimization fact sheets, and more.
Visit our Victims & Victimization topic page for evidence-based programs and practices in this area.
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
Visit the School Safety Topic Page for related programs and practices.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.