- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
- Recently Posted
- About CrimeSolutions.gov
Corporate Crime Deterrence
Practice Summary: These deterrence strategies are formal legal and administrative prevention and control tactics designed to prevent the occurrence of corporate crime. Strategies could include laws, regulatory policies, or punitive sanctions. The practice is rated No Effects for reducing individual- and company-level corporate crime.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Moderate- and High-Risk Adult Offenders
Practice Summary: This is a problem-focused, therapeutic approach that attempts to help people identify and change dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, and patterns of behavior that contribute to their problems. For adult offenders, CBT teaches them how cognitive deficits, distortion, and flawed thinking processes can lead to criminal behavior. The practice is rated Promising for reducing crime committed by moderate- and high-risk adult offenders.
Project Safe Neighborhoods (National Evaluation)
Program Summary: This program is a multiple agency initiative to reduce gun violence in large cities through enhanced enforcement and deterrence. The program is rated Promising. Cities that received the program experienced a significant reduction in violent crime relative to control cities between 2000 and 2006.
Brief Motivational Interviewing for Dating Aggression
Program Summary: This program aims to reduce harmful behavior with young adult couples who are unmarried and are not cohabitating. It uses a brief counseling method to address ambivalence toward behavioral change and encourage self-motivation for behavioral change. The program is rated Promising. This program was shown to significantly reduce reports of physical aggression and harmful alcohol consumption, but had no significant effect on reports of psychological aggression.
Mental Health Services Continuum Program (Calif.)
Program Summary: The program targets parolees with mental health problems and provides services to enhance their level of individual functioning in the community. The overall goal is to reduce recidivism of mentally ill parolees and improve public safety. The program is rated Promising. Parolees who participated in the program and received a pre-release assessment or who had one or more contacts with the Parole Outpatient Clinic showed a significant reduction in the odds of being returned to custody.
Advocacy Interventions for Women Who Experience Intimate Partner Violence
Practice Summary: Advocacy interventions aim to empower women who have experienced intimate partner violence and link them to helpful services in the community. The practice is rated Effective for reducing domestic/intimate partner violence. Women who received services through advocacy interventions experienced significantly less physical abuse, compared with women in the control groups, at 12- to 24-month follow-up periods.
Juvenile Aftercare Programs
Practice Summary: This practice consists of reintegrative programs and services designed to prepare juvenile offenders, who were placed out of their homes, for reentry into the community. The overall goal of aftercare programs is to reduce the recidivism rate of detained juvenile offenders. The practice is rated Promising. There was a significant decrease in the recidivism rates of juveniles who participated in the aftercare programs, compared with juveniles in the control group.
Three Data Driven Supervision Protocols for Parole Violations (Georgia)
Program Summary: In this program, new supervision protocols for substance abuse, joblessness, and chronic violators were created based on data gathered on parolee behavior and parole officer responses. The program is rated No Effects. There was no significant impact on overall arrests or measures of recidivism. In fact, the treatment group had significantly more arrests for a new misdemeanor offense than the comparison group.
Incarceration-based Therapeutic Communities for Juveniles
Practice Summary: This practice employs a comprehensive, residential drug-treatment program model for substance-abusing and addicted juvenile offenders to foster changes in attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors related to substance use. The practice is rated No Effects for reducing recidivism after release for participants in therapeutic communities.
Click-It-or-Ticket Campaign (Mass.)
Program Summary: This is a seat-belt-enforcement campaign initiated and funded by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The overall goal is to improve road safety by requiring drivers and passengers in vehicles to properly wear their seat belts. The program is rated Promising. There was a significant decrease in motor vehicle accidents, but no significant impact on non-fatal injuries caused by vehicle accidents.
America's Safe Schools Week is October 18-24, 2015. This week focuses on partnerships and ensuring our nation's schools are safe, secure and productive. Visit CrimeSolutions.gov’s School Safety Topic Page for relative programs and practices.
“The Department of Justice will never pause, will never rest, and will never cease in our effort to protect this country’s young people,” said Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch in her remarks.
The National Center for Juvenile Justice has released a new section of the Juvenile Justice GPS-Geography, Policy, Practice & Statistics, an online resource funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. This website features national and state information on state laws and juvenile justice practice to help chart system change. The new status offense issues section examines how states classify status offenders and includes a summary of status offenses in each state. This section also profiles national data on status offenses and trends data that states report on formal status offense cases referred to court.
In May 2015, NIJ released a process evaluation of six Defending Childhood Initiative demonstration sites offers valuable insight into planning, implementing and sustaining children exposed to violence programs in urban, rural and tribal areas. Read the process evaluation report here. CrimeSolutions.gov can provide more information on evidence-based programs and practices focused on children exposed to violence. Visit the Juveniles/Children Exposed to Violence topic page.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.