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Pretrial Interventions for Ensuring Appearance in Court
Practice Summary: During the pretrial process, defendants may be released on certain conditions. To ensure that released defendants show up to their court date, jurisdictions have used three strategies: 1) court-date reminder notifications, 2) bonds, and 3) supervision in the community. The goal of is to reduce the failure-to-appear rates of defendants. Across the three strategies, the practice is rated Promising for decreasing failure-to-appear rates, but rated No Effects for reducing arrest rates.
Restorative Justice Conferences (London, England)
Program Summary: This is a restorative justice program that uses face-to-face conferences to reduce posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among burglary/robbery victims and reconviction rates among offenders. The program is rated Promising. Results showed a statistically significant reduction in victims’ clinical levels of PTSS, but no statistically significant effect on reconviction rates among offenders.
Improving Forensic Responses to Residential Burglaries (Queensland)
Program Summary: This program aims to improve police officers’ forensic evidence-collection techniques at burglary crime scenes to increase solved burglaries. The program also intends to improve police–victim and police–witness interactions at burglary crime scenes. The program is rated Promising. Results showed a statistically significant increase in solved burglary cases.
Offender Profiling (OP) Applied in Active Police Investigations in Burglaries in Florida
Program Summary: This is a criminal investigation method used by law enforcement to increase burglary arrest rates using statistically derived offender profiles. The intervention was implemented in one police department in Florida for use in active burglary investigations. The program was rated Effective. Results showed a statistically significant increase in burglary arrest rates for the police department that implemented the program.
Behavior Intervention at Cook County (Ill.) Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (JTDC)
Program Summary: This behavioral intervention targeted high-risk juvenile arrestees in a detention center in Chicago. The curriculum focused on correcting automatic or reactive behavior, with the goal of reducing both the probability and number of readmissions. The program is rated Promising. Participants were less likely to be readmitted and had fewer readmissions to the detention center, compared with non-participants. This difference was statistically significant.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for Children with PTSD
Practice Summary: This individual therapy practice aims to help children recover from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) through short imaginal exposure to the memory and subsequent stimuli to trigger eye movement. The practice is rated Promising for trauma/PTSD measures and No Effects for measures of major depressive disorders and anxiety disorders.
Ability School Engagement Program (Australia)
Program Summary: This is a police–school partnership intervention that seeks to reduce antisocial and truant behaviors among youth and increase their willingness to attend school. This program is rated Promising. The results show a statistically significant positive effect on truancy for program participants. Students who participate in the program are less likely to miss school and more likely to report being willing to attend school, compared with students who do not participate.
Moms’ Empowerment Program
Program Summary: This program provides support for mothers who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). The goal of the program is to assist mothers and ultimately improve their children’s adjustment. The program was rated Promising. Results showed a statistically significant improvement in children’s externalizing behaviors and attitudes about family violence, although there was no effect on children’s internalizing behaviors. Mothers in the program also experienced greater reductions in IPV over time.
SAM (Solution, Action, Mentorship) Program for Adolescent Girls
Program Summary: This is a school-based, substance-use-prevention program for adolescent girls, which uses solution-focused brief therapy and community and peer mentorship. The program is rated Promising. Program participation was shown to have a statistically significant effect on lowering drug use, improving social competence, increasing knowledge surrounding drug use, and increasing negative attitudes toward drug use. The program had no statistically significant effect on grade point average or self-esteem.
Crime Hot Spots Intervention (Sacramento, Calif.)
Program Summary: Police officers worked in directed patrols in crime hot spots, over a 90-day period, in approximately 15-minute intervals, to reduce crime. The program is rated No Effects. While there were statistically significantly less UCR Part 1 crimes in the treatment hot spots for the same 90-day period in 2010 and 2011, there were no statistically significant differences for Part 1 crime or soft crime incidents when comparing the average of the same 90-day period between 2008-2018 and 2011.
It’s important to celebrate milestones, and CrimeSolutions.gov has hit a big one — 500 rated programs. That’s 500 opportunities for the criminal and juvenile justice and victim service practitioners and policymakers we serve to learn about what works, what doesn’t, and what’s promising.
Evidence-based programming is essential to an effective juvenile justice system — and to keeping youth on the path to productive, crime-free lives. We are excited to announce a new milestone for OJJDP's Model Programs Guide — the release of its 300th program!
The resource guide provides all of the materials necessary to promote public awareness campaigns for NCVRW and throughout the year. Featuring campaign materials in both English and Spanish, it includes planning tips, artwork, crime and victimization fact sheets, and more.
Visit our Victims & Victimization topic page for evidence-based programs and practices in this area.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.