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Technology & Forensics Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 39

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Technology & Forensics Practice Outcomes at a GlanceNew
Total Number of Practices: 3

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Technology & Forensics

The justice community uses many forms of technology and forensic science techniques to assist in crime prevention, intervention, and response. Examples include body armor, information technology such as data analysis and mapping tools, radios, records management systems (RMS), closed circuit television (CCTV), license plate recognition (LPR) systems, and DNA evidence examination.

Fast Facts

  • Nearly all local police departments authorized officers to use one or more types of less-than-lethal weapons during 2007. The most common was pepper spray and an increasing number authorized the use of conducted energy devices (CED), such as Tasers; 60% of local police departments authorized CEDs in 2007, an increase from 7% in 2000.[1]

  • In 2003, 59% of police officers employed by a local department were required to wear protective body armor at all times while in the field, by 2007, that percentage increased to 67%.[2]

  • Sixty percent of local police departments used electronic information systems to transmit incident reports from the field in 2007, up from 38% in 2003.[3]

  • In 1997, only 13% of police departments used computerized crime mapping.[4] In 2007, about 75% of local law enforcement officers worked for a department that used computerized crime mapping and most local police departments serving 25,000 or more residents used computers for crime mapping.[5]

  • Thirteen percent of local police departments and a majority of departments serving populations of 500,000 or more used fixed-site camera (CCTV) surveillance in 2007. Sixty one percent of departments used in-car cameras.[6]

  • An estimated 92% of the reported 97.9 million individual offender records in criminal history information systems were automated in the United States in 2010.[7]

  • In 2009, the more than 400 publicly funded forensic crime laboratories operating that year received over 4 million requests for a wide range of forensic services, such as DNA tests, controlled substance analyses, and latent fingerprint examinations. An estimated 1.2 million cases were backlogged at the end of 2009 (not completed within 30 days), which was relatively unchanged from the backlog at yearend 2008.[8]


Practices New

OJP Publications

Role of Technology in Improving K-12 School Safety, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Development of a Science Base and Open Source Software for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Separation and Identification of Drugs by Electrospray Ionization-Ion Mobility Spectrometry-Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS-MS), NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Error Rates for Latent Fingerprinting as a Function of Visual Complexity and Cognitive Difficulty, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Improving the PDQ Database To Enhance Investigative Lead Information From Automotive Paints, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

I am having trouble viewing and/or printing my National Institute of Justice (NIJ) DNA training certificates. What should I do?
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How long does it take to complete the trainings on the DNA Initiative website?
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Where can I access the two part training entitled What Every Law Enforcement Officer Should Know about DNA Evidence?
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