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NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
 
 
Courts Programs at a Glance
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Total Number of Programs: 80

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Courts Practice Outcomes at a Glance
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Total Number of Practices: 10

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Courts

Millions of cases are filed in local, state, tribal, and federal courts each year. Most court systems include trial courts, which hear criminal and civil cases; appellate courts, which review cases decided at the trial court level; and at least one supreme court, which is the court of last resort within a judiciary system.

Programs

Practices

OJP Publications

Decision Making in Sexual Assault Cases: Replication Research on Sexual Violence Case Attrition in the U.S., NIJ-Sponsored, 2019
PDF

Immigration, Citizenship, and the Federal Justice System, 1998-2018, BJS, August 2019
PDF PDF

Characteristics and Trends of Delinquency Cases Resulting in Probation, OJJDP-Sponsored, August 2019
PDF

Capital Punishment, 2017: Selected Findings, BJS, July 2019
PDF

Characteristics of Cases Judicially Waived from Juvenile to Criminal Court, OJJDP-Sponsored, July 2019
PDF

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

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