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The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
 
 
Corrections & Reentry Programs at a Glance
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Total Number of Programs: 135

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Corrections & Reentry Practice Outcomes at a Glance
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Total Number of Practices: 24

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Corrections & Reentry

The correctional population in the United States includes adults under community supervision (on probation or parole), in state and federal prisons, and in local jails. Over the past three decades the correctional population has increased from approximately 1.8 million in 1980 to nearly 7 million in 2011, with the majority (70%) under the supervision of community corrections (probation or parole). During 2011, the number of persons under supervision of correctional authorities declined by 1.4%, marking the third consecutive year of decrease in the correctional population.[1]

Programs

Practices

OJP Publications

Managing the Seriously Mentally Ill in Corrections, NIJ-Sponsored, 2019
HTML

Girls in the Juvenile Justice System, OJJDP, May 2019
PDF

Collecting and Processing Multistate Criminal-History Data for Statistical Analysis, BJS, April 2019
PDF

Jail Inmates in 2017, BJS, April 2019
PDF PDF

Prisoners in 2017, BJS, April 2019
PDF PDF

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

Are resources available on jail design and construction?
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Do you have any information on jail overcrowding and steps that can be taken to alleviate the problem?
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Are residency restrictions placed upon sex offenders successful at reducing rates of reoffending?
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