NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Corrections & Reentry Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 141

See All Programs

Corrections & Reentry Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 31

See All Practices


Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Corrections & Reentry

The correctional population in the United States includes adults under community supervision (on probation or parole), in state and federal prisons, and in local jails. Over the past three decades the correctional population has increased from approximately 1.8 million in 1980 to nearly 7 million in 2011, with the majority (70%) under the supervision of community corrections (probation or parole). During 2011, the number of persons under supervision of correctional authorities declined by 1.4%, marking the third consecutive year of decrease in the correctional population.[1]



OJP Publications

Fostering Innovation Across the U.S. Criminal System, NIJ-Sponsored, 2020

Juvenile Court Statistics, 2018, OJJDP-Sponsored, June 2020

Optimizing Risk & Needs Assessments for State & Local Jurisdictions - NIJ Juvenile Justice Research, NIJ, June 2020
HTML Video

Prisoners in 2018, BJS, April 2020

Understanding the Impacts of Corrections Officer Suicide, NIJ-Sponsored, April 2020

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

Can I receive funding opportunity notifications via email?
See Answer

Can I receive grant announcements via email?
See Answer

Is there a resource to help locate information about evidence-based programs in the justice field?
See Answer

More Q&A

Related Resources