These sources were used in the development of the program profile:
Braga, Anthony A., Andrew V. Papachristos, and David M. Hureau. 2014. “The Effects of Hot Spots Policing on Crime: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Justice Quarterly
Center for Constitutional Rights. 2015. Floyd et al. v. City of New York, et al
. Retrieved September 11, 2015, from ccrjustice.org/home/what-we-do/our-cases/floyd-et-al-v-city-new-york-et-al
Gelman, Andrew, Jeffrey Fagan, and Alex Kiss. 2007. “An Analysis of the New York City Police Department’s ‘Stop-and-Frisk’ Policy in the Context of Claims of Racial Bias.” Journal of the American Statistical Association
Goldstein, Joseph. 2013. “Judge Rejects New York’s Stop-and-Frisk Policy.” New York Times
, August 13.
Meares, Tracey L. 2014. “The Law and Social Science of Stop and Frisk.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science
Ridgeway, Greg. 2007. Analysis of Racial Disparities in the New York Police Department’s Stop, Question, and Frisk Practices
(Document Number: TR–534–NYCPF). Santa Monica,
Calif.: RAND Corporation.
Stoud, Brett G., Michelle Fine, and Madeline Fox. 2011. Growing Up Policed in the Age of Aggressive Policing Policies
. New York, N.Y.: John Jay College of Criminal Justice.
Weisburd, David, Cody W. Telep, and Brian A. Lawton. 2014. “Could Innovations in Policing Have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop Even in a Period of Declining Police Strength? The Case of Stop, Question, and Frisk as a Hot Spots Policing Strategy.” Justice Quarterly