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Computerized Brief Interventions for Youth Alcohol Use
Practice Summary: A computerized brief intervention is any preventive or therapeutic activity delivered through electronic devices with a maximum total time of one hour. The interventions are designed to help youth think differently about their alcohol use and provide them with skills to reduce or eliminate alcohol use. The practice is rated Effective for reducing short-term alcohol use.
Bystander Education Programs for Sexual Assault Prevention on College Campuses
Practice Summary: This practice comprises programs that are designed to decrease the prevalence of sexual assault on college campuses by educating would-be bystanders (i.e., witnesses) about the occurrence of sexual assault, as well as promoting prosocial attitudes and the willingness to intervene in risky situations. The practice is rated Promising for reducing rape-supportive attitudes, increasing bystander efficacy, increasing bystander intent to help, and increasing bystander helping behavior.
Contingency Management Interventions for Substance Use Disorders
Practice Summary: This is an intervention strategy designed to reduce substance use disorders by rewarding positive behavior (e.g., negative drug tests) and withholding rewards when undesired behavior is exhibited (e.g., positive drug screens). The overall goal is abstinence from substance use. The practice is rated Effective for reducing alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use.
Prison Visitation for Incarcerated Adults
Practice Summary: Prison visitation allows incarcerated individuals the opportunity to meet with family and friends to sustain connections and social supports. One of the main goals of prison visitation is to reduce recidivism of individuals once they are released from incarceration. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism of individuals who receive visits while incarcerated.
Police Body-Worn Cameras (Birmingham South, UK)
Program Summary: Police body-worn cameras are used to record police encounters with citizens during officers’ shifts in Birmingham South. Officers were instructed to begin recording as soon as they left their vehicles and to conclude recording once the situation was resolved. The program is rated Promising. There was a statistically significant reduction in citizen injury, but no statistically significant reduction in officer use of force and officer injury.
KEEP (Keeping Foster and Kinship Parents Supported and Trained)
Program Summary: This a parent-training intervention for foster and kinship parents with a foster child in the home ages 4 to 12, designed to reduce children’s problem behaviors by strengthening foster parents’ skills. The program is rated Effective. The program was found to statistically significantly improve child problem behaviors, increase parents’ use of positive reinforcement relative to discipline, reduce parenting stress, and increase positive exits from the foster home for children.
YouthBuild Offender Program
Program Summary: The program provides education, vocational training, and other youth-development services to low-income youths, ages 16–24, who have been convicted of a crime. The program is rated Promising. The program statistically significantly reduced recidivism and increased the likelihood of receiving a high school diploma, GED, trade license, or training certificate. However, there were no effects on enrollment in postsecondary courses, employment, or certain measures of youth development.
Restorative Justice Programs for Juveniles
Practice Summary: This practice emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. Restorative justice programs aim to repair the harm to the victim, decrease an offender’s recidivism rate, and improve participants’ perceptions of fairness and satisfaction with the process. The practice is rated Promising for reducing juveniles’ recidivism rates, increasing victims’ perceptions of fairness, and increasing juveniles’ restitution and reparation completion rates.
Operation Swordfish (Birmingham, UK)
Program Summary: This intervention was designed to prevent repeat and near-repeat burglaries. The program used a target-hardening, crime-prevention technique to reduce repeat victimization of the same households and neighbors within the same area. The program is rated No Effects. The program found no statistically significant difference in both burglaries and time-to-repeat victimization between households in the treatment group, compared with households in the control group.
Police Body-Worn Cameras in Eight Police Departments in the United Kingdom and United States
Program Summary: This is a police body-worm camera intervention that has been implemented across eight police departments in the United States and United Kingdom. The program equips officers with continuously recording body-worn cameras to record police and citizen interactions. The program is rated No Effects. There was no significant effect on police use of force, and use of cameras was associated with a statistically significant increase in assaults against officers.
It’s important to celebrate milestones, and CrimeSolutions.gov has hit a big one — 500 rated programs. That’s 500 opportunities for the criminal and juvenile justice and victim service practitioners and policymakers we serve to learn about what works, what doesn’t, and what’s promising.
Evidence-based programming is essential to an effective juvenile justice system — and to keeping youth on the path to productive, crime-free lives. We are excited to announce a new milestone for OJJDP's Model Programs Guide — the release of its 300th program!
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
Visit the School Safety Topic Page for related programs and practices.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.