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Street Lighting in New York City Public Housing
Program Summary: This is a temporary outdoor street-lighting program designed to reduce nighttime crime in public housing developments experiencing elevated crime rates. The program is rated Promising. Installing additional light towers in treated developments resulted in statistically significant reductions in complaints of index crimes, felony crimes, assaults, homicides, and weapons crimes at night, compared with control developments. There were no statistically significant differences in misdemeanor crimes.
Change A Life
Program Summary: A free, interactive online program for adults designed to educate the public about the effects of childhood exposure to domestic violence (DV) and improve adults’ self-efficacy in helping children exposed to DV. The program is rated Promising. There was a statistically significant increase in knowledge about DV exposure for both community and university samples, compared with the control groups. There was a statistically significant increase in self-efficacy for only the community sample.
Early Self-Control Improvement Programs for Children
Practice Summary: This practice consists of programs designed to increase self-control and reduce child behavior problems (e.g., conduct problems, antisocial behavior, and delinquency) with children up to age 10. Program types include social skills development, cognitive coping strategies, training/role playing, and relaxation training. This practice is rated Effective for improving self-control and reducing delinquency.
Group Violence Reduction Strategy (Chicago, Ill.)
Program Summary: This is a focused deterrence intervention that uses a data-driven approach to reduce shootings in Chicago, IL by identifying offenders who are responsible for a disproportionate share of shootings and delivering a “don’t shoot” message. The program is rated No Effects. The preponderance of the evidence suggests that the strategy had no impact on shooting behaviors in the year after the call-ins, but did have a statistically significant impact on the time until a shooting incident occurred.
Behavioral, Emotional, and Social Training: Competent Learners Achieving School Success (BEST in CLASS)
Program Summary: A classroom-based intervention, delivered by teachers, designed to prevent emotional and behavioral disorders in high-risk children. The program is rated Effective. Intervention group children showed statistically significant improvement in behaviors, social and behavioral competence, and student-teacher relationships, compared with control group children. Intervention group teachers showed statistically significant improvements in instructional practices, compared with control group teachers.
Program Summary: This is an early childhood, family-centered, school-based intervention for children and their families in low-income communities. The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant effects on children’s academic performance and mental health problems, but no effect on early conduct problems. There were also statistically significant effects on parents’ knowledge, positive behavior support, and parental involvement, but no effect on harsh and inconsistent behavior management.
Tactical Police Responses to Micro-Time Hot Spots for Thefts from Vehicles and Residential Burglaries (Port St. Lucie, Florida)
Program Summary: This program relies on hot spots policing strategies to prevent thefts from vehicles and residential burglaries in “micro-time” hot spots in Port St. Lucie, Florida. The program is rated Effective. There was a statistically significant reduction in thefts from vehicles and residential burglaries in micro-time hot spots that received tactical police responses, compared with micro-time hot spots that received police patrol as usual.
Modular Approach to Therapy for Children with Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, or Conduct Problems (MATCH-ADTC)
Program Summary: The program is a coordinated, component-based approach that allows for real-time adaptation of treatment to address the complex needs of clinically-referred, comorbid youths, whose problems and treatment needs can shift during treatment. The program is rated Promising. In examining MATCH-ADTC to usual care, there were mixed results across three evaluations, but there were statistically significant reductions in internalizing and externalizing problems, functioning, and severity of problems.
Swift, Certain, and Fair Supervision Strategies for Drug-Involved Individuals
Practice Summary: The practice comprises supervision strategies used by community supervision officers to address violation behavior of drug-involved individuals on probation and parole who are being supervised in the community. The goals are to generate greater compliance with supervision terms and, as a result, reduce recidivism. The practice is rated Promising for reducing crime rates of drug-involved individuals supervised in the community.
Kansas City (MO) No Violence Alliance
Program Summary: This is a focused deterrence violence-reduction strategy. The goal was to lower the city’s exposure to violent crime, including reducing the numbers of homicides and aggravated assaults committed by chronic violent offenders operating within organized groups and other social networks. The program is rated No Effects. Two years postimplementation, there was no statistically significant impact on homicides, group-member-involved homicides, and aggravated assaults.
Come see us at ASC 2018! This roundtable will take place Fri, Nov. 16, 2:00 to 3:20pm.
Evidence-based repositories emerged from the need to determine “what works, what doesn’t and what’s promising” in crime prevention. The 1998 Maryland Report offered the first insight into what scientific evidence suggests about crime prevention programming. The development of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s Model Programs Guide and, later, the Office of Justice Programs’/National Institute of Justice’s CrimeSolutions.gov came about from this evidence-based movement. The two repositories continue to be rich resources for practitioners and communities in enhancing their understanding of the effectiveness of programs and practices related to juvenile and criminal justice. What future directions can evidence-based repositories take to continue to meet the needs of communities and jurisdictions? The panel will discuss the history of evidence-based repositories and what new and innovative directions lie ahead.
It’s important to celebrate milestones, and CrimeSolutions.gov has hit a big one — 500 rated programs. That’s 500 opportunities for the criminal and juvenile justice and victim service practitioners and policymakers we serve to learn about what works, what doesn’t, and what’s promising.
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
Visit the School Safety Topic Page for related programs and practices.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.