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In addition to continuing to capture ongoing reviews of justice programs, CrimeSolutions.gov now also presents reviews of justice practices. A practice is a general category of activities, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them. While CrimeSolutions.gov program profiles can answer questions like "Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?", a practice profile might be used to answer "Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?" See Why Programs and Practices? to learn more.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
What is the difference between programs and practices on CrimeSolutions.gov?
|Description||A specific set of activities carried out according to guidelines to achieve a defined purpose.||A general category of programs, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them.|
|Question Answered||How effective is this specific program according to the most rigorous evaluation(s) available?||How effective is this general practice on average across many evaluations?|
|Example||Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?||Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?|
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.
In May 2015, NIJ released a process evaluation of six Defending Childhood Initiative demonstration sites offers valuable insight into planning, implementing and sustaining children exposed to violence programs in urban, rural and tribal areas. Read the process evaluation report here. CrimeSolutions.gov can provide more information on evidence-based programs and practices focused on children exposed to violence. Visit the Juveniles/Children Exposed to Violence topic page.
The American Probation and Parole Association sponsors the Pretrial, Probation and Parole Supervision Week, which will take place July 12-18, 2015. The week is to commemorate the important work done by community corrections in keeping our communities safe. CrimeSolutions.gov can help these professionals and their organizations identify evidence-based programs and practices focused on pretrial, probation and parole. Visit the Corrections & Reentry/Community Corrections topic pages.
Program Summary: A voluntary afterschool program for middle school aged youths to inform them about substance use and prevent them from starting or continuing alcohol use. The program is rated No Effects. The program was shown to have some effect on delaying the initiation of alcohol use but no effect on other measures of past or future alcohol use.
Helping Women Recover Program (in a Drug Court Setting)
Program Summary: A gender-responsive program designed to treat drug-addicted female offenders in a drug court setting. The program intends to specifically address the needs of female addicts and treat symptoms identified as distinct to female pathways to criminality and drug involvement. This program is rated No Effects. Female offenders assigned to gender-specific treatment did not display any significant differences in number of arrests and reports of drug use than those assigned to mixed-gender treatment.
Stop School Bullying (Greece)
Program Summary: A preventative, school-based program for students in 4th, 5th, and 6th grades (ages 9–12) that sought to reduce rates of bullying and victimization within elementary schools. The program is rated Effective. Evaluation results suggest that the program significantly reduced bullying and victimization rates at schools that implemented the program compared with a control group of schools that did not.
Moving to Opportunity Demonstration Program
Program Summary: A housing mobility demonstration program intended to help move families from high-poverty public housing to low-poverty private housing to improve their lives. This program is rated No Effects. The program was shown to have no significant long-term effects on violent, property, drug, or general crime arrests.
Program Summary: A crime reduction strategy in Richmond, Virginia implemented to deter former and would-be offenders from carrying and using firearms, with an overall goal of reducing firearm-related homicides. The project is rated Promising. Firearm-related homicides decreased significantly in the target area, compared with other U.S. cities where the program was not implemented.
Program Summary: A school-based program, taught over 3 school days by attorneys, in which students learn warning signs for dating violence and how the law works in relation to domestic violence. This program is rated No Effects. Results were mixed for all items except help-seeking and knowledge about dating violence and the law, in which the treatment group exhibited positive significant differences compared with the control group.
Peer Group Connection (PGC) Program
Program Summary: A high school transition program that targets 9th-grade students in urban high schools who are at risk of dropping out. The goal is to improve high school graduation rates among participating youths by having junior and senior high school students serve as peer mentors. This program is rated No Effects since the program did not improve students’ high school graduation rates overall. However, a significant positive effect on the graduation rate among male students only was detected.
WITS Primary Program
Program Summary: A community-based, schoolwide intervention aimed at children in grades 1 through 3 that targets socially competent behaviors and risks for peer victimization. The program was rated Promising. The program was shown to have significant positive effects on physical and relational victimization and social competence, but not on social responsibility or physical aggression.
The GREAT School Program
Program Summary: A school-based intervention to promote problem-solving skills, self-efficacy for nonviolence, and goals and strategies supporting nonviolence. The program is rated No Effects. The program was shown to have no effect on measures of aggression and nonviolent behaviors.
INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament
Program Summary: A school-based intervention program delivered to urban elementary students, with the participation of parents and teachers, to address disruptive behaviors. The program was rated Effective. In both studies, authors found that the intervention had a marginal-to-moderate effect on behavior problems exhibited by children.