- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
- Recently Posted
- About CrimeSolutions.gov
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners for Forensic Examinations in Cases of Sexual Assault/Rape
Practice Summary: This practice uses qualified nurses who are trained to collect forensic evidence in cases of rape and sexual assault (of both adults and children). The practice is rated Effective for providing treatment for sexually transmitted infections and emergency contraception to sexual assault/rape victims, but is rated No Effects for the proportion of complainants who had a rape kit collected.
Juvenile Curfew Laws
Practice Summary: Juvenile curfew laws are designed to restrict juveniles (below ages 17 or 18) from public places during specific hours such as nighttime (e.g., between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.) or during the school day (e.g., 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.). The primary purpose is to reduce juvenile crime and victimization by keeping them at home with their families or in school. This practice is rated No Effects for juvenile crime during curfew hours.
Better Futures Program
Program Summary: A program designed to help young people in foster care with serious mental health challenges prepare for postsecondary education. The program is rated Effective. Youths who received the intervention had significant improvements on self-determination, mental health empowerment, transition planning, career self-efficacy, hope, barriers to education, postsecondary preparation, and transition planning, but not on quality of life or mental health recovery.
Directed Patrol and Self-Initiated Enforcement in Hot Spots (St. Louis, Missouri)
Program Summary: This is an experiment designed to assess the effectiveness of different hot spots tactics (i.e., directed patrol and self-initiated enforcement) on firearm violence. The program is rated Promising. Hot spots that received the self-initiated enforcement experienced a significant reduction in firearm assault rates. However, no differences were found on firearm robbery rates.
A Stop Smoking in Schools Trial (ASSIST) Program
Program Summary: This in-school smoking prevention program was designed to spread and sustain norms of non-smoking behavior among 12–13 year olds, using influential peer opinion leaders. The program is rated No Effects. Youths who received the intervention did not differ significantly from youths who did not receive the intervention in their odds of smoking in the last week, at 2 years post-intervention.
Effects of Information Letters on Paying Restitution (Pennsylvania)
Program Summary: This experiment tested whether sending a monthly letter to probationers who had been court-ordered to pay restitution would affect how much they paid. The program is rated Promising. Probationers who received letters showing how much they had paid already and how much they owed paid significantly higher amounts and made significantly more monthly payments than probationers who received no letters.
Data-Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety (DDACTS) in Kansas
Program Summary: This is a law-enforcement model in which both location-based crime and automobile crash data is analyzed to determine where such incidents disproportionately occur (“hot spots”) and to employ targeted traffic enforcement strategies. The program is rated Promising. The areas of targeted enforcement experienced significant declines in robberies, burglaries, and traffic crashes.
Juvenile Breaking the Cycle (JBTC) Program (Lane County, Oregon)
Program Summary: Using comprehensive assessments, the program identified, provided, and coordinated individualized services for high-risk, drug-involved, justice-involved juveniles. This program is rated Effective. Results suggest that JBTC participants were significantly less likely to recidivate and had significantly fewer arrests, compared with non-JBTC participants. However, the impact on self-reported drug use was mixed.
Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) Program (Seattle, Washington)
Program Summary: This is a pre-booking, community-based diversion program designed to divert those suspected of low-level drug and prostitution offenses away from jail and prosecution and into case management and other supportive services. The program is rated Promising. The intervention group was significantly less likely to have been arrested, compared with the control group, at the shorter- and longer-term follow ups. However, there was no significant impact on non-warrant arrests.
Moving On (Minnesota)
Program Summary: This is a curriculum-based, gender-responsive intervention created to address the different cognitive–behavioral needs of incarcerated women. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to significantly reduce recidivism as measured by rearrests and reconvictions, but did not have a significant impact on reincarcerations for a new offense and technical violation revocations.
On July 19, 2016, from 1 to 2:30 p.m. ET, OJJDP’s National Training and Technical Assistance Center will host “The Model Programs Guide iGuides.” This webinar will provide an overview of MPG, the development of the MPG iGuides, and how communities can use them to address problems. Register for this free webinar.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.