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In addition to continuing to capture ongoing reviews of justice programs, CrimeSolutions.gov now also presents reviews of justice practices. A practice is a general category of activities, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them. While CrimeSolutions.gov program profiles can answer questions like "Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?", a practice profile might be used to answer "Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?" See Why Programs and Practices? to learn more.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
What is the difference between programs and practices on CrimeSolutions.gov?
|Description||A specific set of activities carried out according to guidelines to achieve a defined purpose.||A general category of programs, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them.|
|Question Answered||How effective is this specific program according to the most rigorous evaluation(s) available?||How effective is this general practice on average across many evaluations?|
|Example||Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?||Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?|
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.
“The Department of Justice will never pause, will never rest, and will never cease in our effort to protect this country’s young people,” said Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch in her remarks.
The National Center for Juvenile Justice has released a new section of the Juvenile Justice GPS-Geography, Policy, Practice & Statistics, an online resource funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. This website features national and state information on state laws and juvenile justice practice to help chart system change. The new status offense issues section examines how states classify status offenders and includes a summary of status offenses in each state. This section also profiles national data on status offenses and trends data that states report on formal status offense cases referred to court.
In May 2015, NIJ released a process evaluation of six Defending Childhood Initiative demonstration sites offers valuable insight into planning, implementing and sustaining children exposed to violence programs in urban, rural and tribal areas. Read the process evaluation report here. CrimeSolutions.gov can provide more information on evidence-based programs and practices focused on children exposed to violence. Visit the Juveniles/Children Exposed to Violence topic page.
The American Probation and Parole Association sponsors the Pretrial, Probation and Parole Supervision Week, which will take place July 12-18, 2015. The week is to commemorate the important work done by community corrections in keeping our communities safe. CrimeSolutions.gov can help these professionals and their organizations identify evidence-based programs and practices focused on pretrial, probation and parole. Visit the Corrections & Reentry/Community Corrections topic pages.
Targeted School-Based Social Information-Processing Interventions for Aggression
Practice Summary: This practice examines targeted prevention efforts for particular students that attempt to improve one or more aspects of the students’ social information processing, aiming to prevent and/or reduce aggressive or violent behavior in school-aged children. The practice is rated Effective for reducing aggressive behavior in school-aged children.
School Health Center Healthy Adolescents Relationships Program (SHARP)
Program Summary: A high school-based, relationship abuse prevention program. The goal of the program was to identify students’ knowledge of abusive behaviors and teach them about relationship abuse and resources for its prevention. The program was rated No Effects. There was no significant impact on recognition, use, and knowledge of adolescent relationship abuse resources, and intentions to intervene, but participants had significantly greater increases in recognition of sexual coercion.
Metal Detectors and Security Screenings at Airports as a Counterterrorism Strategy
Practice Summary: Counterterrorism includes strategies, policies, practices, interventions, or tactics that are designed to prevent or respond to terrorism. Target hardening at airports is an example of a defensive counterterrorism intervention that is designed to increase the detection of potential terrorism by placing metal detectors in airports and increasing security screening of passengers before they board planes. This practice is rated Promising for significantly reducing events of airplane hijackings.
Opiate Maintenance Therapy for Dual Heroin–Cocaine Abusers
Practice Summary: A medication-assisted treatment for opioid dependence, including methadone, buprenorphine, and Levo-Alpha-Acetymethadol (LAAM). The overall goals are to help opioid-addicted patients alleviate withdrawal symptoms, reduce or suppress opiate cravings, and reduce the illicit use of opioids (such as heroin). The practice is rated Effective for achieving higher sustained heroin abstinence for dual heroin–cocaine abusers, but No Effects for cocaine abstinence for dual abusers.
An E-mentoring Program for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities
Program Summary: An e-mentoring program for high school students with mild learning disabilities to improve their ability to identify postsecondary career goals and the steps necessary to achieve them. This program is rated Promising. The program group showed significant improvement in transition competency, social connectedness, and self-determination. However, there were no significant differences on outcome measures of career/educational goals, academic connectedness, and familial connectedness.
Dropout Prevention Programs
Practice Summary: School- or community-based programs targeting frequently absent students or students at risk of dropping out of school. These programs are aimed at increasing school engagement, school attachment, and the academic performance of students, with the main objective of increasing graduation rates. The practice is rated Effective for reducing rates of school dropouts, and rated Promising for improving test scores/grades, graduation rates, and attendance.
Fostering Healthy Futures Program
Program Summary: A preventative intervention for preadolescent youth recently placed in foster care due to child maltreatment, with an overall goal of improving child well-being. The program is rated Promising. Evaluation results suggest that the program significantly reduced mental health problems, and measures of dissociation. In addition, treatment group youths living in nonrelative foster homes at baseline were more likely to achieve permanency and experience fewer placements.
In-Prison Visitation (Florida)
Program Summary: Visitation in prison allows inmates to connect to the outside world by developing social bonds with family members and friends. The overall goal of in-prison visitation is to reduce recidivism and assist in helping inmates adjust to transitioning back into their community. The program is rated Promising. The recidivism rate was significantly lower for inmates who received visitation compared with those inmates who did not receive visitation.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program - Multisite
Program Summary: The program uses specially trained nurses to provide comprehensive psychological, medical, and forensic services for recent sexual assault victims in either hospital- or community-based clinic settings. The program is rated Promising. Across multiple sites, the results showed that sexual assault cases that were prosecuted following implementation of SANE were more likely to result in a guilty plea or conviction.
Program Summary: A school-based trial that incorporated three programs: a Classwide Social Skills Program, Connections Partner Reading Program, and social skills combined with partner reading program. The goal was to reduce and prevent behavioral maladjustment. The program is rated No Effects. There were some modest effects on measures of externalizing problems. But there were no significant effects on measures of inappropriate classroom behavior, teacher-rated social skills, and parent-rated social skills.