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In addition to continuing to capture ongoing reviews of justice programs, CrimeSolutions.gov now also presents reviews of justice practices. A practice is a general category of activities, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them. While CrimeSolutions.gov program profiles can answer questions like "Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?", a practice profile might be used to answer "Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?" See Why Programs and Practices? to learn more.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
What is the difference between programs and practices on CrimeSolutions.gov?
|Description||A specific set of activities carried out according to guidelines to achieve a defined purpose.||A general category of programs, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them.|
|Question Answered||How effective is this specific program according to the most rigorous evaluation(s) available?||How effective is this general practice on average across many evaluations?|
|Example||Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?||Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?|
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.
School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS)
Program Summary: A universal, school-wide prevention strategy aimed at reducing behavior problems that lead to office discipline referrals and suspensions, and change perceptions of school safety. The program is rated Effective. Students in the SWPBIS schools received significantly fewer school suspensions than students in schools that did not receive SWPBIS training. Perceptions of safety improved in the schools that implemented SWPBIS, but declined in the schools that did not implement SWPBIS.
Juvenile Diversion Programs
Practice Summary: An intervention strategy that redirects youths away from formal processing in the juvenile justice system, while still holding them accountable for their actions. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism rates of juveniles who participated in diversion programming compared with juveniles who were formally processed in the justice system.
Adult Sex Offender Treatment
Practice Summary: A variety of psychological interventions, cognitive–behavioral treatments, and behavioral therapies targeting adult sex offenders with the overall aim of reducing the risk and potential harm associated with releasing this population back into the community. The practice is rated Promising for reducing rates of general recidivism and sexual recidivism, but rated No Effects on violent recidivism rates.
Minnesota’s Affordable Homes Program
Program Summary: A prison work crew program designed to increase the availability of affordable low-income housing while training inmates in construction-industry-specific occupational skills. The program is rated No Effects. The program had some significant effect on program participants’ likelihood of gaining employment in the construction field following release from prison. However, there were no significant effects on gaining employment in other fields, rearrests, reconvictions, and reincarceration.
Program Summary: Also known as safer boxes, they are clear, polycarbonate boxes that are designed to protect so-called hot products in retail stores by placing selected merchandise in the sturdy lock boxes. The program is rated Promising. At the 13-week follow-up, shrinkage (or unexplained unit loss) significantly decreased by 52 percent while sales significantly increased by 69 percent in the experimental stores that used Keeper Boxes compared with the control stores that did not use Keeper Boxes.
West Midlands (England) High-Crime-Causing Users (HCCU)
Program Summary: An intensive community-based partnership between police and treatment providers in West Midlands that provided enhanced delivery and coordinated efforts and resources to high-risk offenders to reduce their offending behavior. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to significantly reduce the average number of arrests for participants.
Juvenile Drug Courts With Contingency Management and Multisystemic Therapy
Program Summary: Incorporates contingency management protocols and multisystemic therapy into traditional juvenile drug court services to provide juveniles and families with additional engagement opportunities and support in order to reduce recidivism and substance abuse. The program is rated Promising. The program significantly reduced alcohol and poly drug use, positive drug urine screens, status offenses, and property offenses. The program had mixed effects on marijuana use and offenses against persons. The p
Children with Problematic Sexual Behavior–Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (PSB–CBT)
Program Summary: This outpatient treatment program’s primary goal is to reduce sexual behavior problems among school-age children, through the provision of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducational, and supportive services to children and families. This program is rated Effective. Compared to youths in play therapy, youths in the CBT for sexual behavior problems group had significantly fewer sexual offenses. There was no significant difference in the rate of non-sexual offenses between these groups.
Juvenile Sex Offender Treatment
Practice Summary: A variety of treatment modalities (including cognitive behavioral therapy, relapse prevention, and multisystemic therapy) designed to reduce the risks and harms associated with juveniles at risk of committing sexual offenses. The practice is rated Promising for reducing juveniles’ rates of general recidivism and sexual recidivism, but rated No Effects on violent recidivism rates.
Public School Choice Lottery (Charlotte–Mecklenburg, N.C., School District)
Program Summary: An open-enrollment school choice plan in the Charlotte–Mecklenburg, N.C., School District designed to offer slots at oversubscribed schools through a lottery-based system. The program is rated No Effects. Winning the lottery did not significantly impact nontraffic arrests, felony arrests, drug felonies, property felonies, or violent felonies. While winning the lottery impacted middle school students in terms of fewer total days incarcerated, no impact was found for high school students.