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Cross-Age Peer Mentoring Program
Program Summary: The program is a school-based peer mentoring program in which high school students provide one-on-one mentoring to late elementary and early middle school students. This program is rated Promising. The mentored children showed significant improvement on measures of spelling achievement and connectedness to school and to parents compared with the control group. However, mentored and control group children did not significantly differ on connectedness to reading, future, or friends.
School-Based Conflict Resolution Education
Practice Summary: This practice aims to reduce school-based conflict and encourage long-term prosocial behavior. It teaches students to understand the nature of the conflict and provides options for responding. This practice is rated Promising for multiple problem or at-risk behaviors. Student participants in the programs reported significantly fewer antisocial behaviors than students in the control group.
Treatment in Secure Corrections for Serious Juvenile Offenders
Practice Summary: This practice includes interventions targeting serious (violent and chronic) juvenile offenders sentenced to serve time in secure corrections. The overall goal is to decrease recidivism rates when juveniles are released and return to the community. The practice is rated Effective for reducing general recidivism and serious recidivism of violent and chronic juvenile offenders.
Juvenile Justice Assessment Planning Referral Placement (JARPP)
Program Summary: It is a training curriculum for juvenile justice probation/parole case managers (PCMs). JARPP was designed to promote PCMs’ use of evidence-based practices to identify the mental health and substance use needs of delinquent youth and increase their access to community clinical services. This program is rated Promising. There were significant reductions in the recidivism and placement rates for youths whose PCMs received enhanced JARPP training.
The RULER Approach
Program Summary: The program is a multiyear classroom curriculum for kindergarten through eighth grade incorporating professional development for teachers, school staff, and leaders with literacy-based, skill-building, social–emotional learning programs. This program is rated Promising. The program had significant effects on emotional support, positive classroom climate, and emotion-focused interactions. However, there were no significant effects on negative classroom climate and classroom supportiveness.
Social Aggression Prevention Program (SAPP)
Program Summary: This is a school-based, small group program designed to prevent social aggression and increase empathy, prosocial behavior, and social problem-solving skills among fifth-grade females. The program is rated No Effects. While program participants self-reported more pro-social responses to hypothetical scenarios, there were no significant changes in behaviors as described by teachers and peers.
Random Drug Testing with Immediate Results and Immediate Sanctions
Program Summary: The experiment was conducted to examine the efficacy of alternative methods of instant drug testing, and determine how the different methods affected rates of relapse and recidivism of parolees with substance abuse issues. The program is rated Promising. The experimental group (that had random drug testing with immediate results and immediate sanctions) had lower rates of relapse and recidivism; however, they were less likely to be admitted to treatment; and recidivism effects were short-lived.
Universal School-Based Prevention and Intervention Programs for Aggressive and Disruptive Behavior
Practice Summary: Universal school-based prevention and intervention programs for aggressive and disruptive behavior target elementary, middle, and high school students in a universal setting, rather than focusing on only a selective group of students, with the intention of preventing or reducing violent, aggressive, or disruptive behaviors. The practice is rated Effective in reducing violent, aggressive, and/or disruptive behaviors in students.
Kids in Transition to School (KITS)
Program Summary: This is a short-term intervention program designed to assess children in transition to kindergarten. The goal of the program is to increase school-readiness and to develop early literacy and social and self-regulation skills. The program is rated Promising. The intervention group displayed significantly lower levels of oppositional and aggressive behavior as well as significantly higher levels of self-regulation.
Eisenhower Quantum Opportunities
Program Summary: Also known as the Eisenhower Foundation’s Quantum Opportunities Program, the program is an intensive, year-round, multicomponent intervention for high-risk minority students from inner-city neighborhoods, which is provided throughout all 4 years of high school. The program is rated Effective. Program participants had significantly higher grade point averages, high school graduation rates, and college acceptance rates as compared with control group youths.
America's Safe Schools Week is October 18-24, 2015. This week focuses on partnerships and ensuring our nation's schools are safe, secure and productive. Visit CrimeSolutions.gov’s School Safety Topic Page for relative programs and practices.
“The Department of Justice will never pause, will never rest, and will never cease in our effort to protect this country’s young people,” said Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch in her remarks.
The National Center for Juvenile Justice has released a new section of the Juvenile Justice GPS-Geography, Policy, Practice & Statistics, an online resource funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. This website features national and state information on state laws and juvenile justice practice to help chart system change. The new status offense issues section examines how states classify status offenders and includes a summary of status offenses in each state. This section also profiles national data on status offenses and trends data that states report on formal status offense cases referred to court.
In May 2015, NIJ released a process evaluation of six Defending Childhood Initiative demonstration sites offers valuable insight into planning, implementing and sustaining children exposed to violence programs in urban, rural and tribal areas. Read the process evaluation report here. CrimeSolutions.gov can provide more information on evidence-based programs and practices focused on children exposed to violence. Visit the Juveniles/Children Exposed to Violence topic page.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.