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In addition to continuing to capture ongoing reviews of justice programs, CrimeSolutions.gov now also presents reviews of justice practices. A practice is a general category of activities, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them. While CrimeSolutions.gov program profiles can answer questions like "Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?", a practice profile might be used to answer "Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?" See Why Programs and Practices? to learn more.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
What is the difference between programs and practices on CrimeSolutions.gov?
|Description||A specific set of activities carried out according to guidelines to achieve a defined purpose.||A general category of programs, strategies, or procedures that share similar characteristics with regard to the issues they address and how they address them.|
|Question Answered||How effective is this specific program according to the most rigorous evaluation(s) available?||How effective is this general practice on average across many evaluations?|
|Example||Did the ABC Mentoring Program in Anytown, USA achieve its goals?||Does mentoring usually achieve its goals?|
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.
School-Based Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) Programs
Practice Summary: Designed to foster the development of five interrelated sets of cognitive, affective, and behavioral competencies, in order to provide a foundation for better adjustment and academic performance in students, which can result in more positive social behaviors, fewer conduct problems, and less emotional distress. The practice was rated Effective in reducing students’ conduct problems and emotional stress.
Adult Mental Health Courts
Practice Summary: Specialized, treatment-oriented, problem-solving courts that divert mentally ill offenders away from the criminal justice system and into court-mandated, community-based treatment programs in order to reduce recidivism and decrease the amount of contact that mentally ill individuals have with the criminal justice system. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism, but rated No Effects on measures of clinical outcomes.
Rockford Pulling Levers Drug Market Intervention
Program Summary: A problem-oriented policing strategy that aims to combat drug markets and the problems associated with them, in a high- crime neighborhood, through a deterrence-based, pulling levers framework. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to significantly reduce nonviolent offenses in the target area, but not violent offenses.
Its Your Game... Keep It Real
Program Summary: A health education program for 7th and 8th graders designed to delay sexual behavior and promote healthy dating relationships. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to significantly reduce emotional and physical dating violence victimization. However, the program did not have a significant effect on physical perpetration of dating violence.
Red Hook Community Justice Center
Program Summary: A problem-solving community court that seeks to prevent crime by addressing its underlying causes. The program was rated No Effects. The program did not appear to impact recidivism rates for drug treatment participants and juvenile defendants, and only had a small effect on recidivism rates for criminal-court misdemeanor defendants.
Comer’s School Development Program
Program Summary: A school-based intervention that focuses on improving school climate and student achievement. The program is rated No Effects. The evidence base shows that the program had significant impacts on student reports of lack of anger and acting out. However, there were mixed results on disapproval of misbehavior and substance use, and no significant differences found for petty misbehaviors or friends’ problem behaviors.
Family Check-Up (FCU) for Adolescents
Program Summary: A family-centered preventive intervention designed to assist families with high-risk adolescents, ages 11–17. The goal is to reduce the growth of adolescents’ problem behaviors and substance abuse; improve parenting skills; and reduce family conflict. The program is rated Promising. Students who received FCU services showed significantly less growth in antisocial behavior and substance use as well as a stable GPA from the start of middle school into high school.
Mental Health Courts (Multisite)
Program Summary: Postbooking jail diversion programs that aim to divert justice-involved individuals with serious mental illnesses out of the court system and into community-based treatment without jeopardizing public safety. This program is rated Promising. Mental health courts in four cities were shown to significantly reduce participants’ rates of arrests and incarceration days at the 18-month follow-up.
Family Check-Up (FCU) for Children
Program Summary: The program is a preventative, family-based intervention targeting families with young children who possess risk factors for child behavioral misconduct. The program is rated Promising. Evaluation results suggest that the intervention indirectly reduced child problem behavior via parental positive behavior support. More specifically, the intervention appeared to significantly increase levels of parents’ positive behavior support, which in turn significantly reduced children’s problem behavior.
Schenectady Public Surveillance Project
Program Summary: A crime prevention program seeking to impact crime and disorder through the installation of public surveillance cameras in one medium-sized city in the northeastern United States. The program is rated Promising. The installation of cameras led to significant reductions in total crime and total disorder in the target area. However, no significant impact was found on violent crime or property crime.