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Crime & Crime Prevention Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 275

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Crime & Crime Prevention Practice Outcomes at a GlanceNew
Total Number of Practices: 39

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Crime & Crime Prevention

The Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are the U.S. Department of Justice’s two national measures of crime in the United States.[1]

The NCVS collects information from victims on nonfatal violent and property crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. According to 2012 NCVS data, there has been an increase in both violent crime and property crime victimizations in the U.S. when compared to 2011.[2]

The UCR Program reports a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies that voluntarily participate in the program. Data from the 2012 UCR show that while the violent crime rate remained virtually unchanged when compared to the 2011 rate, the property crime rate declined 1.6 percent.[3]

Fast Facts

  • According to NCVS data, the violent crime rate (which includes rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault) rose from 22.6 victimizations per 1,000 persons in 2011 to 26.1 in 2012. Crime not reported to police and simple assault accounted for the majority of this increase.[4]

  • Additional NCVS data show that the overall property crime rate (which includes burglary, theft and motor vehicle theft) increased from 138.7 per 1,000 households in 2011 to 155.8 in 2012, primarily due to an increase in theft.[5]

  • In 2012, the UCR violent crime rate remained virtually unchanged from 2011 (approximately 387 violent crimes per 100,000 individuals). The violent crime rate reported in 2012 represents the lowest violent crime rate since 1970. Violent crime had risen from 1962 through the early 1990s, when it peaked and then began a decline.[6], [7]

  • In 2012, the UCR property crime rate declined to approximately 2,859 property crimes per 100,000 individuals, the lowest point since 1967.[8], [9]

  • In 2012, approximately 47% percent of violent crimes and 19% of property crimes were cleared by arrest or exceptional circumstance. To be considered "cleared," the offender was arrested, charged with the commission of the offense, and turned over to the court for prosecution (whether following arrest, court summons, or police notice). Or, in exceptional circumstances, elements beyond law enforcement's control prevented the agency from arresting and formally charging the offender.[10]

  • Approximately 74% of people arrested in 2012 in the U.S. were males; males accounted for approximately 80% of violent crime arrests and 63% of property crime arrests.[11]

  • An estimated 782,500 gang members and 29,900 gangs were active in the U.S. in 2011. This does not include motorcycle gangs, prison gangs, or hate groups.[12]


Practices New

OJP Publications

Evaluation of a Multi-Faceted, U.S. Community-Based, Muslim-Led CVE Program, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Across the Universe? A Comparative Analysis of Violent Radicalization Across Three Offender Types With Implications for Criminal Justice Training and Education, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Genomic Tools To Reduce Error in PMI Estimates Derived From Entomological Evidence, NIJ-Sponsored, 2016

Strengthening Policing Science at the National Institute of Justice, NIJ-Sponsored, August 2016

From The Director - NIJ's Role in Strengthening Policing Science-Part II, NIJ-Sponsored, August 2016

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

How many children are abducted each year in the United States?
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How many missing and exploited children are there in the United States?
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What is the Department of Justice doing to help protect children from online predators?
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