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The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
 
 
Crime & Crime Prevention Programs at a Glance
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Crime & Crime Prevention Practice Outcomes at a GlanceNew
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Crime & Crime Prevention

The Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are the U.S. Department of Justice’s two national measures of crime in the United States.[1]

The NCVS collects information from victims on nonfatal violent and property crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. According to 2012 NCVS data, there has been an increase in both violent crime and property crime victimizations in the U.S. when compared to 2011.[2]

The UCR Program reports a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies that voluntarily participate in the program. Data from the 2012 UCR show that while the violent crime rate remained virtually unchanged when compared to the 2011 rate, the property crime rate declined 1.6 percent.[3]

Fast Facts

  • According to NCVS data, the violent crime rate (which includes rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault) rose from 22.6 victimizations per 1,000 persons in 2011 to 26.1 in 2012. Crime not reported to police and simple assault accounted for the majority of this increase.[4]

  • Additional NCVS data show that the overall property crime rate (which includes burglary, theft and motor vehicle theft) increased from 138.7 per 1,000 households in 2011 to 155.8 in 2012, primarily due to an increase in theft.[5]

  • In 2012, the UCR violent crime rate remained virtually unchanged from 2011 (approximately 387 violent crimes per 100,000 individuals). The violent crime rate reported in 2012 represents the lowest violent crime rate since 1970. Violent crime had risen from 1962 through the early 1990s, when it peaked and then began a decline.[6], [7]

  • In 2012, the UCR property crime rate declined to approximately 2,859 property crimes per 100,000 individuals, the lowest point since 1967.[8], [9]

  • In 2012, approximately 47% percent of violent crimes and 19% of property crimes were cleared by arrest or exceptional circumstance. To be considered "cleared," the offender was arrested, charged with the commission of the offense, and turned over to the court for prosecution (whether following arrest, court summons, or police notice). Or, in exceptional circumstances, elements beyond law enforcement's control prevented the agency from arresting and formally charging the offender.[10]

  • Approximately 74% of people arrested in 2012 in the U.S. were males; males accounted for approximately 80% of violent crime arrests and 63% of property crime arrests.[11]

  • An estimated 782,500 gang members and 29,900 gangs were active in the U.S. in 2011. This does not include motorcycle gangs, prison gangs, or hate groups.[12]

Programs

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OJP Publications

Evaluation of a Comprehensive Approach to Reducing Gun Violence in Detroit, NIJ-Sponsored, 2014
PDF Order Photocopy

Drug Control and Reductions in Drug-Attributable Crime, NIJ-Sponsored, 2014
PDF

Changing Lives: Prevention and Intervention to Reduce Serious Offending, NIJ,OJJDP, August 2014
PDF

Nation's Two Measures of Homicide, BJS, July 2014
PDF Text

Five Things About Deterrence, NIJ, July 2014
PDF

More OJP Publications

Questions and Answers

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