About the Office of Justice Programs (OJP)
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) sponsors CrimeSolutions.gov as a resource to help justice practitioners determine what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services.
OJP provides innovative leadership to federal, state, local, and tribal justice systems by disseminating state-of-the art knowledge and practices across America, and providing grants for the implementation of these crime fighting strategies. Because most of the responsibility for crime control and prevention falls to law enforcement officers in states, cities, and neighborhoods, the federal government can be effective in these areas only to the extent that it can enter into partnerships with these officers. Therefore, OJP does not directly carry out law enforcement and justice activities. Instead, OJP works in partnership with the justice community to identify the most pressing crime-related challenges confronting the justice system and to provide information, training, coordination, and innovative and evidence-based strategies and approaches for addressing the challenges.
Content included on CrimeSolutions.gov covers topics addressed and supported across all of OJP’s offices and bureaus. These include: the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART).
For more information, see the OJP Web site.
OJP’s bureaus and offices provide a variety of funding opportunities to state, local, and tribal communities and organizations. For more information about funding resources and opportunities through OJP bureaus and offices, see OJP’s Funding Resources page.
OJP’s Evidence Integration Initiative (E2I)
CrimeSolutions.gov is one component of OJP’s Evidence Integration Initiative (E2I). E2I builds upon work established in Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s Promising 1 to support justice practitioners and policy makers by providing them better tools to understand, access, and integrate evidence into program and policy decision making. Within OJP, E2I provides a mechanism for coordinating activities across OJP offices and bureaus that support research, evaluation, programs, and training, without sacrificing or neglecting the importance of ongoing innovation.
The OJP Diagnostic Center is the next component of E2I, helping state, local, and tribal leaders apply what works in criminal justice in their communities. The Diagnostic Center provides diagnosis and customized courses of action based on proven, evidence-based programs and practices to mitigate persistent criminal justice, juvenile justice, and victim services issues. The defining characteristic of the Diagnostic Center is its diagnostic approach, which involves first assembling and analyzing data from the community. For each community engagement, the Diagnostic Center follows the following rigorous, three-phase process:
|Investigate a Community or Organization’s Issue
||Diagnose a Community or Organization’s Issue
||Execute and Evaluate Evidence-Based Solution
|Step 1: A community leader contacts the Diagnostic Center to request assistance in addressing a criminal justice, juvenile justice, or victim services issue.
Step 2: The Diagnostic Center interviews stakeholders and synthesizes data essential to understanding the factors contributing to the issue.
|Step 3: In collaboration with community leaders, the Diagnostic Center examines the contributing factors and maps them to evidence-based models.
Step 4: The Diagnostic Center assess the feasibility of implementing the evidence-based model with community leaders and, if necessary, adapts it to meet community-specific risks and challenges.
|Step 5: In coordination with community leaders, the Diagnostic Center develops a customized, evidence-based response strategy.
Step 6: The community leads the implementation and evaluation of the evidence-based interventions with assistance from the Diagnostic Center and subject matter experts.
For more information, visit the OJP Diagnostic Center Web site.
E2I is a multi-faceted approach that emphasizes both the quality of evidence and the practical application of that evidence. As such, evidence is defined as information that provides a sound basis for a conclusion and is generated through systematic data collection, research, or program evaluation using accepted scientific methods that are documented and replicable. This definition of "evidence" is intentionally broad. While the E2I approach places a high value on the most rigorous types of evidence (such as randomized field experiments), it also recognizes that credible evidence may originate from a variety of sources and prioritizes evidence with practical value to practitioners and policy makers.
The three overarching goals of E2I are to:
- Improve the quantity and quality of evidence that OJP generates.
- Improve the integration of evidence into program, practice, and policy decisions within OJP and in the field.
- Improve the translation of evidence into practice.
Sherman, L.W., D. Gottfredson, D. MacKenzie, J. Eck, P. Reuter, and S. Bushway. (1997.) Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s Promising. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. https://www.ncjrs.gov/works/