Program Goals/Program Theory
The GREAT (Guiding Responsibility and Expectations for Adolescents for Today and Tomorrow) School Program was developed within a social–cognitive framework approach to promote problem-solving skills, self-efficacy for nonviolence, goals and strategies supporting nonviolence, and individual and school norms against the use of violence. The GREAT curriculum was adapted from the Responding in Peaceful and Positive Ways curriculum for sixth graders to include additional themes such as culture and context, self-efficacy for nonviolence, promoting prosocial goals, and positive school norms.
The GREAT School Program is composed of 20 weekly sessions that provide instruction and practice in the use of a social–cognitive problem-solving model. The program instructs students on how to avoid dangerous situations, ignore teasing, ask for help, talk things through, defuse situations, and be helpful to peers.
Those who implement the program use behavioral repetition and mental rehearsal of the skills, small-group activities, experiential-learning techniques, and didactic modalities to increase students’ awareness and use of nonviolent options in order to alter their attitudes toward and engagement in aggressive behavior.
The GREAT Teacher Program is composed of a 2-day, 12-hour workshop and 10 consultation/support meetings that focus on increasing teacher awareness of different forms of aggression and associated risk factors while promoting strategies for improving classroom management, reducing aggression, and assisting students who are victimized.