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Practice Summary: This is a policing strategy to reduce crime and delinquency by focusing efforts on disorderly neighborhood conditions and minor crime offenses. This practice is rated Effective for reducing multiple types of crime and delinquency, and rated Promising for reducing specific types of crimes, including property, violent, and drug and alcohol offenses.
Choosing to Think, Thinking to Choose
Program Summary: This is a cognitive–behavioral therapy program, consisting of 14 sequential classroom lessons, for high-risk probationers and delivered by probation officers in a community correctional environment. This program was rated No Effects. Results indicate that participants had a statistically significant lower recidivism rate, measured as committing any new offense compared with nonparticipants, however, no statistically significant differences were found across individual offense types.
Milwaukee Safe Streets Prisoner Release Initiative (PRI)
Program Summary: This program combines enhanced employment opportunities and wraparound services for prisoners before and after release from prison. The program is rated Promising. There was a statistically significant reduction in likelihood of rearrests for program group participants, compared with the control group. There was also a lower rate of reimprisonment for program participants than nonparticipants; however, this difference was not statistically significant.
Enhancing Resiliency Amongst Student Experiencing Stress (ERASE-Stress) in Israel
Program Summary: This intervention is a universal, school-based intervention for Jewish-Israeli students who are exposed to the ongoing violence of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The program aims to reduce participants’ posttraumatic stress symptoms. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to be statistically significant in reducing PTSD severity, functional problems, anxiety, and somatic complaints.
Enhancing Resiliency Amongst Students Experiencing Stress–Prosocial (ERASE-Stress–Prosocial) in Israel
Program Summary: This is a universal, school-based intervention for Jewish-Israeli students who are exposed to the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. It combines the original ERASE-Stress program with six additional modules focused on topics related to prosocial orientation, and aims to reduce PTSD, enhance resiliency, and develop prosocial skills. The program is rated Promising. The program was shown to statistically significant reduce PTSD severity, functional problems, anxiety, and somatic complaints.
The Incredible Years–Teacher Classroom Management Program
Program Summary: This is a preschool-based program designed to strengthen teachers’ classroom-management strategies and develop children’s social and problem-solving skills. The program is rated Promising. Across multiple measures, there was a statistically significant reduction in conduct problems and increase in prosocial behavior among participating children, compared with non-participating children. However, some measures showed no statistically significant effect of the program.
Pretrial Interventions for Ensuring Appearance in Court
Practice Summary: During the pretrial process, defendants may be released on certain conditions. To ensure that released defendants show up to their court date, jurisdictions have used three strategies: 1) court-date reminder notifications, 2) bonds, and 3) supervision in the community. The goal of is to reduce the failure-to-appear rates of defendants. Across the three strategies, the practice is rated Promising for decreasing failure-to-appear rates, but rated No Effects for reducing arrest rates.
Restorative Justice Conferences (London, England)
Program Summary: This is a restorative justice program that uses face-to-face conferences to reduce posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among burglary/robbery victims and reconviction rates among offenders. The program is rated Promising. Results showed a statistically significant reduction in victims’ clinical levels of PTSS, but no statistically significant effect on reconviction rates among offenders.
Improving Forensic Responses to Residential Burglaries (Queensland)
Program Summary: This program aims to improve police officers’ forensic evidence-collection techniques at burglary crime scenes to increase solved burglaries. The program also intends to improve police–victim and police–witness interactions at burglary crime scenes. The program is rated Promising. Results showed a statistically significant increase in solved burglary cases.
Offender Profiling (OP) Applied in Active Police Investigations in Burglaries in Florida
Program Summary: This is a criminal investigation method used by law enforcement to increase burglary arrest rates using statistically derived offender profiles. The intervention was implemented in one police department in Florida for use in active burglary investigations. The program was rated Effective. Results showed a statistically significant increase in burglary arrest rates for the police department that implemented the program.
It’s important to celebrate milestones, and CrimeSolutions.gov has hit a big one — 500 rated programs. That’s 500 opportunities for the criminal and juvenile justice and victim service practitioners and policymakers we serve to learn about what works, what doesn’t, and what’s promising.
Evidence-based programming is essential to an effective juvenile justice system — and to keeping youth on the path to productive, crime-free lives. We are excited to announce a new milestone for OJJDP's Model Programs Guide — the release of its 300th program!
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
Visit the School Safety Topic Page for related programs and practices.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.