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Brief Motivational Interviewing for Dating Aggression
Program Summary: This program aims to reduce harmful behavior with young adult couples who are unmarried and are not cohabitating. It uses a brief counseling method to address ambivalence toward behavioral change and encourage self-motivation for behavioral change. The program is rated Promising. This program was shown to significantly reduce reports of physical aggression and harmful alcohol consumption, but had no significant effect on reports of psychological aggression.
Mental Health Services Continuum Program (Calif.)
Program Summary: The program targets parolees with mental health problems and provides services to enhance their level of individual functioning in the community. The overall goal is to reduce recidivism of mentally ill parolees and improve public safety. The program is rated Promising. Parolees who participated in the program and received a pre-release assessment or who had one or more contacts with the Parole Outpatient Clinic showed a significant reduction in the odds of being returned to custody.
Advocacy Interventions for Women Who Experience Intimate Partner Violence
Practice Summary: Advocacy interventions aim to empower women who have experienced intimate partner violence and link them to helpful services in the community. The practice is rated Effective for reducing domestic/intimate partner violence. Women who received services through advocacy interventions experienced significantly less physical abuse, compared with women in the control groups, at 12- to 24-month follow-up periods.
Juvenile Aftercare Programs
Practice Summary: This practice consists of reintegrative programs and services designed to prepare juvenile offenders, who were placed out of their homes, for reentry into the community. The overall goal of aftercare programs is to reduce the recidivism rate of detained juvenile offenders. The practice is rated Promising. There was a significant decrease in the recidivism rates of juveniles who participated in the aftercare programs, compared with juveniles in the control group.
Three Data Driven Supervision Protocols for Parole Violations (Georgia)
Program Summary: In this program, new supervision protocols for substance abuse, joblessness, and chronic violators were created based on data gathered on parolee behavior and parole officer responses. The program is rated No Effects. There was no significant impact on overall arrests or measures of recidivism. In fact, the treatment group had significantly more arrests for a new misdemeanor offense than the comparison group.
Incarceration-based Therapeutic Communities for Juveniles
Practice Summary: This practice employs a comprehensive, residential drug-treatment program model for substance-abusing and addicted juvenile offenders to foster changes in attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors related to substance use. The practice is rated No Effects for reducing recidivism after release for participants in therapeutic communities.
Click-It-or-Ticket Campaign (Mass.)
Program Summary: This is a seat-belt-enforcement campaign initiated and funded by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The overall goal is to improve road safety by requiring drivers and passengers in vehicles to properly wear their seat belts. The program is rated Promising. There was a significant decrease in motor vehicle accidents, but no significant impact on non-fatal injuries caused by vehicle accidents.
Special Needs Diversionary Program (SNDP)
Program Summary: This diversion program provides intensive supervision and treatment for juvenile probationers with mental illness. This program is rated Promising. Rearrests within 1 year were significantly lower for program participants, compared with non-participants. Although SNDP did not significantly affect the time to rearrest, the diversion program had an overall positive impact on juvenile offenders with mental illness.
The Women’s Program
Program Summary: This is a sexual assault risk-reduction program that is designed to teach college women bystanders about sexual assault, characteristics of male perpetrators, and how to intervene. This program is rated Promising. Confidence in the ability and willingness to intervene increased significantly for the experimental group. However, acceptance of common “rape myths” did not differ between the control and experimental groups.
Program Summary: The program aims to reduce precursors of teen pregnancy, including sexual risk behaviors, involvement in violence, and disconnection from school. The program is rated No Effects. There were mixed findings in the evaluations of Prime Time. There were some small significant effects on a few outcomes, but there were no significant differences between groups on the majority of the outcomes. Overall, the preponderance of evidence suggests the program did not have a significant impact on girls.
America's Safe Schools Week is October 18-24, 2015. This week focuses on partnerships and ensuring our nation's schools are safe, secure and productive. Visit CrimeSolutions.gov’s School Safety Topic Page for relative programs and practices.
“The Department of Justice will never pause, will never rest, and will never cease in our effort to protect this country’s young people,” said Attorney General Loretta E. Lynch in her remarks.
The National Center for Juvenile Justice has released a new section of the Juvenile Justice GPS-Geography, Policy, Practice & Statistics, an online resource funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. This website features national and state information on state laws and juvenile justice practice to help chart system change. The new status offense issues section examines how states classify status offenders and includes a summary of status offenses in each state. This section also profiles national data on status offenses and trends data that states report on formal status offense cases referred to court.
In May 2015, NIJ released a process evaluation of six Defending Childhood Initiative demonstration sites offers valuable insight into planning, implementing and sustaining children exposed to violence programs in urban, rural and tribal areas. Read the process evaluation report here. CrimeSolutions.gov can provide more information on evidence-based programs and practices focused on children exposed to violence. Visit the Juveniles/Children Exposed to Violence topic page.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.